**Determine the common ratio, and find the next three terms of each geometric sequence.**

1. -¼, ½, -1, … .

Solution:

First, find the common ratio.

-1÷½=-2

The common ratio is -2. Multiply the third term by -2 to find the fourth term, and so on.

2(-2)=-4

-4(-2)=8

Therefore, the next three terms are 2, -4, and 8.

2. 0.5, 0.75, 1.125, … .

Solution:

First, find the common ratio.

1.125÷0.75=1.5

The common ratio is 1.5. Multiply the third term by 1.5 to find the fourth term, and so on.

1.6875(1.5)=2.53125

2.53125(1.5)=3.796875

Therefore, the next three terms are 1.6875, 2.53125, and 3.796875.

3. 8, 20, 50, … .

Solution:

First, find the common ratio.

50÷20 or 2.5

The common ratio is 2.5. Multiply the third term by 2.5 to find the fourth term, and so on.

125(2.5)=312.5

312.5(2.5)=781.25

Therefore, the next three terms are 125, 312.5, and 781 .25.

4. 2*x*, 10*x*, 50*x*, … .

Solution:

First, find the common ratio.

*x*÷2

*x*=5

50

*x*÷10

*x*=5

The common ratio is 5. Multiply the third term by 5 to find the fourth term, and so on.

*x*)=250

*x*

5(250

*x*)=1250

*x*

5(1250

*x*)=6250

*x*

Therefore, the next three terms are 250

*x*, 1250

*x*, and 6250

*x*.

5. 64*x*, 16*x*, 4*x*, … .

Solution:

First, find the common ratio.

*x*÷64

*x*=¼

4

*x*÷16

*x*=¼

The common ratio is ¼. Multiply the third term by ¼ to find the fourth term, and so on.

Therefore, the next three terms are

*x*, ¼

*x*, and

*x*/16.

6. ½, -⅜, 9/32, … .

Solution:

First, find the common ratio.

The common ratio is -¾. Multiply the third term by -¾ to find the fourth term, and so on.

Therefore, the next three terms are -27/128, 81/512, and=-243/2048.

7. x*+*5, 3*x*+15, 9*x*+45, … .

Solution:

First, find the common ratio.

The common ratio is 3. Multiply the third term by 3

to find the fourth term, and so on.

*x*+45)=27

*x*+135

3(27

*x*+135)=81

*x*+405

3(81

*x*+405)=243

*x*+1215

Therefore, the next three terms are 27

*x*+135, 81

*x*+405, and 243

*x*+1215.

8. -9-*y*, 27+3*y*, -81-9*y*, …

Solution:

First, find the common ratio.

The common ratio is -3. Multiply the third term by -3 to find the fourth term, and so on.

*y*)=243+27

*y*

-3(243+27

*y*)=-729-81

*y*

-3(-729-81

*y*)=2187+243

*y*

Therefore, the next three terms are 243+27

*y*, -729-81

*y*, and 2187+243

*y*.

**Find the next three terms in each geometric sequence.**

9. 10, 20, 40, 80, … .

Solution:

The common ratio is 2. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms

160×2=320

320×2=640

The next three terms of the sequence are 160, 320, and 640.

10. 100, 50, 25, … .

Solution:

Calculate common ratio.

The common ratio is 0.5. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

12.5×0.5=6.25

6.25×0.5=3.125

The next three terms of the sequence are 12.5, 6.25, and 3.125.

11. -7, 21, -63, … .

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is -3. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

189×(-3)=-567

-567×(-3)=1701

The next three terms of the sequence are 189, -567, and 1701.

12. 2, 6, 18, 54, …

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is 3. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

162×3=486

486×3=1458

The next three terms of the sequence are 162, 486, and 1458

13. -5, -10, -20, -40, …

Solution: Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is 2. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

-80×2=-160

-160×2=-320

The next three terms of the sequence are -80, -160, and -320.

14. -3, 1.5, -0.75, 0.375, …

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is -0.5. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

-0.1875×-0.5=0.09375

0.09375×-0.5=-0.046875

The next three terms of the sequence are -0.1875, 0.09375, and -0.046875.

15. 1, 0.6, 0.36, 0.216, …

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is 0.6. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

0.1296×0.6=0.7776

0.7776×0.6=0.046656

The next three terms of the sequence are 0.1296, 0.07776, and 0.046656.

16. 4, 6, 9, 13.5, …

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is 1.5. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

20.25×1.5=30.375

30.375×1.5=45.5625

The next three terms of the sequence are 20.25, 30.375, and 45.5625.

17. 2, -10, 50, … .

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is -5. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

-250×(-5)=1250

1250×(-5)=-6250

The next three terms of the sequence are -250, 1250, and -6250.

18. 4, 12, 36, … .

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is 3. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

108×3=324

324×3=972

The next three terms of the sequence are 108, 324, and 972.

19. -6, -42, -294, … .

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is 7. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

-2058×7=-14,406

-14,406×7=-100,842

The next three terms of the sequence are -2058, -14,406, and -100,842.

20. 1024, -128, 16, … .

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is -⅛. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

The next three terms of the sequence are -2, ¼, and -1/32.

21. 4, -1, ¼, … .

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is -¼. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

The next three terms of the sequence are -1/16, 1/64, and 1/256.

22. 1, -½, ¼, -⅛, …

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is (-½). Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

The next three terms of the sequence are 1/16, -1/32, and 1/64.

23. 36, 12, 4, … .

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is ⅓. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

The next three terms of the sequence are 4/3, 4/9, and 4/27.

24. 400, 100, 25, … .

Solution:

Calculate the common ratio.

The common ratio is ¼. Multiply each term by the common ratio to find the next three terms.

The next three terms of the sequence are 25/16, 25/16, and 25/64.

**Find the next three terms of each geometric sequence. Then graph the sequence.**

25. 8, 16, 32, 64, … .

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are the same, the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term, multiply the previous term by 2.

128×2=256

256×2=512

The next three terms of the sequence are 128, 256, 512.

Graph the sequence.

26. 0.125, -0.5, 2, …

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are same, the sequence is geometric

To find the next term, multiply the previous term with -4.

-8×(-4)=32

32×(-4)=-128

The next three terms of the sequence are -8, 32, -128.

Graph the sequence.

27. ⅓, 1, 3, 9, …

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

1÷⅓=3 | 3÷1=3 | 9÷3=3 |

Since the ratios are same, the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term, multiply the previous term by 3.

27×3=81

81×3=243

The next three terms of the sequence are 27, 81, 243.

Graph the sequence.

28. 1, 0.1, 0.01, 0.001, …

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are same, the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term, multiply the previous term by 0.1.

0.0001×0.1=0.00001

0.00001×0.1=0.000001

The next three terms of the sequence are 0.0001, 0.00001, 0.000001.

Graph the sequence.

29. 8, 12, 18, 27, … .

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are the same. the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term. multiply the previous term by 3/2.

The next three terms of the sequence are 40.5, 60.75, 91.125.

Graph the sequence.

30. 250, 50, 10, 2, …

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are the same, the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term, multiply the previous term by ⅕.

The next three terms of the sequence are ⅖, 2/25, 2/125.

Graph the sequence.

31. 9, -3, 1, -⅓, …

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are the same, the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term, multiply the previous term by -⅓.

The next three terms of the sequence are 1/9, -1/27, 1/81.

Graph the sequence.

32.18, 12, 8, …

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are same, the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term, multiply the previous term by ⅔.

The next three terms of the sequence are 16/3, 32/9, 64/27.

Graph the sequence.

33. 64, 48, 36, …

Solution: Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are same, the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term, multiply the previous term by ¾.

The next three terms of the sequence are 27, 81/4, 243/16.

Graph the sequence.

34. 81, 108, 144, …

Solution:

Find the ratio of the consecutive terms.

Since the ratios are same, the sequence is geometric.

To find the next term, multiply the previous term by 4/3.

The next three terms of the sequence are 192, 256, 1024/3.

Graph the sequence.

35. What are the next three terms of the following sequence?

4, 20, 100, 500, …

Solution:

2500⋅5=12,500

12,500⋅5=62,500

The next three terms are 2,500, 12,500, and 62,500.

36. Find r and the next four terms of the G.P.

-3, 1, -⅓, 1/9, …

Solution:

Here *a*=-3, *ar*=1

So that

The next four terms of geometric sequence are

37. (Tourist Attractions) To prove that objects of different weights fall at the same rate, Marlene dropped two objects with different weights from the Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy. The objects hit the ground at the same time. When an object is dropped from a tall building, it falls about 16 feet in the first second, 48 feet in the second second, and 80 feet in the third second, regardless of its weight. If this pattern continues, how many feet would an object fall in the sixth second?

Solution:

In this sequence, *a*_{1}=16, *a*_{2}=48, and *a*_{3}=80.

Find the common difference.

80-48=32

Find a_6.

112+32=144

144+32=176

Therefore, the object will fall 176 feet in the sixth second.